Original Article

A Multifactorial Analysis of Reconstruction Methods Applied After Total Gastrectomy

  • Oktay Büyükaşık
  • Mesut Mısırlıoğlu
  • Mehmet İşbilir

Received Date: 14.08.2010 Accepted Date: 17.09.2010 Med Bull Haseki 2010;48(4):126-131


The aim of this study was to evaluate the reconstruction methods applied after total gastrectomy in terms of postoperative symptomology and nutrition.


This retrospective study was conducted on 31 patients who underwent total gastrectomy due to gastric cancer in 2. Clinic of General Surgery, SSK Ankara Training Hospital. 6 different reconstruction methods were used and analyzed in terms of age, sex and postoperative complications. One from esophagus and two biopsy specimens from jejunum were taken through upper gastrointestinal endoscopy from all cases, and late period morphological and microbiological changes were examined. Postoperative weight change, dumping symptoms, reflux esophagitis, solid/liquid dysphagia, early satiety, postprandial pain, diarrhea and anorexia were assessed.


Of 31 patients,18 were males and 13 females; the youngest one was 33 years old, while the oldest- 69 years old. It was found that reconstruction without pouch was performed in 22 cases and with pouch in 9 cases. Early satiety, postprandial pain, dumping symptoms, diarrhea and anemia were found most commonly in cases with reconstruction without pouch. The rate of bacterial colonization of the jejunal mucosa was identical in both groups. Reflux esophagitis was most commonly seen in omega esophagojejunostomy (EJ), while the least-in Roux-en-Y, Tooley and Tanner 19 EJ.


Reconstruction with pouch performed after total gastrectomy is still a preferable method.

Keywords: Total gastrectomy, esophagojejunostomy, reflux esophagitis, dumping syndrome

Full Text (Turkish)